The Indus Valley civilization was the most advanced on the planet for over 500 years, with more than one thousand settlements sprawling across 250,000 square miles of what is now Pakistan and India that is northwest from BCE to 1900 BCE. It had several large, well-planned cities like Mohenjo-daro, common iconography—and a script no body happens to be in a position to understand.
Over at Nature, Andrew Robinson looks at reasons why the Indus Valley script happens to be so difficult to crack, and details some recent attempts to decipher it. It to other scripts since we don’t know anything about the underlying language and there’s no multilingual Rosetta stone, scholars have analyzed its structure for clues and compared. Most Indologists think it’s “logo-syllabic” script like Sumerian cuneiform or Mayan glyphs. But they disagree about whether or not it was a spoken https://eliteessaywriters.com/write-my-paper language or a complete writing system; some believe it represented only section of an Indus language, Robinson writes.
One team has created the first publicly available, electronic corpus of Indus texts.
Another, led by computer scientist Rajesh Rao, analyzed the randomness into the script’s sequences. Their results indicated it’s most just like Sumerian cuneiform, which implies it might represent a language. Read the article that is full more details.
The Indus Valley script is far from the only one to stay mysterious. Listed below are eight others you might try your hand at deciphering.
1. Linear A
In 1893, British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans purchased some ancient stones with mysterious inscriptions on them at a flea market in Athens. On a later trip to the excavations at Knossos in the island of Crete, he recognized one of the symbols from his stones and began a report associated with engraved tablets being uncovered at various sites regarding the island. He discovered two different systems, that he called Linear A and Linear B. While Linear B was deciphered in the early 1950s (it turned out to represent an form that is early of), Linear A, above, has still not been deciphered.
2. Cretan Hieroglyphics
The excavations on Crete also revealed a type that is third of system, with symbols that looked more picture-like than those regarding the linear scripts. Some of these symbols are similar to elements in Linear A. It is assumed that the hieroglyphic script resulted in Linear A, though the two systems were both in use during the same period of time.
3. Wadi script that is el-Hol
Into the 1990s, a set of Yale archaeologists discovered a cliff that is graffiti-covered at the Wadi el-Hol (Gulch of Terror) in Egypt. Almost all of the inscriptions were in systems they could recognize, but one of those was unfamiliar. It looks like an early transition from a hieroglyphic to an alphabetic system, but it hasn’t yet been deciphered.
4. Sitovo inscription
In 1928 a small grouping of woodcutters found some markings carved into a Bulgarian cliffside. The marks were thought by them indicated hidden treasure, but none was found. Word got around and soon a look was had by some archaeologists. Later, the pinnacle for the expedition was executed to be a agent that is secret the Soviets in Bulgaria. One little bit of evidence used against him was a strange coded message he had delivered to Kiev—actually a duplicate of this cliffside inscription he had provided for colleagues for scholarly input. It isn’t clear what language the inscription represents. Thracian, Celtic, Sarmato-Alanian, and Slavic are among the possibilities scholars have argued for. Another suggestion is that it’s simply a natural rock formation.
5. Olmec writing
The Olmecs were an ancient civilization that is mexican recognized for the statues they left behind: the so-called “colossal heads.” In 1999, their writing system was revealed when road builders unearthed an inscribed stone tablet. The tablet shows 62 symbols; some appear to be corn or bugs, and some tend to be more abstract. It is often dated to 900 B.C., which would allow it to be the example that is oldest of writing in the Western Hemisphere.
6. Singapore stone
There once was a huge engraved slab made of sandstone in the mouth regarding the Singapore River. It had been there for 700 years or so when, in 1819, workers uncovered it while clearing away jungle trees. A few scholars got a look it was blown to bits in order to make space for a fort to protect the British settlements at it before. The parts that did end up in n’t the river were eventually utilized for road gravel, although some fragments were saved. The script was not deciphered, but there has been various suggestions for what language it might represent: ancient Ceylonese, Tamil, Kawi, Old Javanese, and Sanskrit.
When missionaries surely got to Easter Island within the 1860s, they found wooden tablets carved with symbols. They asked the Rapanui natives what the inscriptions meant, and were told that nobody knew anymore, since the Peruvians had killed off most of the men that are wise. The Rapanui used the tablets as firewood or fishing reels, and by the end associated with century they were nearly all gone. Rongorongo is printed in alternating directions; you read a line from left to right, then turn the tablet 180 degrees and read the line that is next.
This ancient writing system was used a lot more than 5000 years ago with what has become Iran. Written from directly to left, the script is unlike virtually any ancient scripts; while the proto-Elamites seem to have borrowed the concept for a written language from their Mesopotamian contemporaries, they apparently invented their own symbols—and didn’t bother to keep tabs on them in an organized way, proto-Elamite expert and Oxford University scholar Jacob Dahl told the BBC in 2012. Around that time, he and his Oxford colleagues asked for help from the general public in deciphering proto-Elamite. They released high-quality images of clay tablets covered in Proto-Elamite, hoping that crowdsourcing could decode them. Now a collaboration involving several institutions, the project is ongoing.